While landscape photography can be impressive with the simplest of photographic equipment, many developed methods and advanced pieces of equipment exist to aid the artist in fully expressing their unique perspective. The playful use of light, variations in shutter speed, aperture, lenses, and image stabilization can support the process of landscape photography immensely. There is no greater place to practice landscape photography than New Zealand’s breathtaking natural wonders.
Hundreds of lens are available for every type of photographic need, and the lens generally preferred for landscape photography is the universal wide-angle lens, which allows for a physically extensive range of view and is generally used for wide-open spaces. Nevertheless, other popular lenses such as the telephoto lens can still achieve gratifying image results, and in most cases will be able to capture greater detail of small areas at much longer distances than that which is possible with a wide-angle lens.
Other notable lenses that are commonly used in landscape photography include the macro/microlenses specifically for close-up work and the fisheye lens for emphasizing outstandingly wide angles and dramatizing the image. Most lenses used by landscape photographers are variable-range zoom, meaning that the scope is easily adjustable by the user, but some opt for fix-range lenses which can allow for a greater level of image clarity as well as higher quality photographs.
One of the most important aspects of photographic methods is the film speed, commonly rated by the ISO (International Stands Organization) system, which is a numerical value that represents the light sensitivity of a recording medium, which can be either physical film or the digital sensor in digital cameras. This is particularly important in photography where high levels of detail are required, including landscape photography. A low-ISO film or “slow film” is common in daylight scenes which allows for greater precision and smoothness. These ISO levels are more prevalent in New Zealand’s natural scenes because of its mostly clear weather conditions.